Mal J Nutr 22(2): 191 - 205, 2016

Maternal Attributes Are Positively Associated with Feeding Practices of Children Aged 2-5 Years in West Java, Indonesia
Intan Ria Nirmala1,2,3, Judhiastuty Februhartanty2 & Luh Ade Ari Wiradnyani2

1 Nutrition Department, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia
2 South East Asian Ministers of Education Organization Regional Centre for Food and Nutrition (SEAMEO RECFON), Universitas Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia
3 Nutrition Department, Health Polytechnic, Ministry of Health, Kendari, Southeast Sulawesi, Indonesia


ABSTRACT

Introduction: Feeding practices are influenced by multiple factors including maternal attributes, which can affect the health and nutritional status of children. The objective of this study was to investigate maternal factors associated with feeding practices of young children. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in five villages in Karawang District, West Java, Indonesia. Mothers of children aged 2-5 years (n=202) were interviewed on indicators of feeding practices, their knowledge and attitude on child feeding, selfperceived health status and exposure to health information. The data were analysed using multiple logistic regression to identify factors associated with feeding practices. Results: Most of the children achieved minimum dietary diversity (86.1%) and frequency of meal and snacking (71.8%). However, more than half of the mothers did not use a variety of cooking methods (73.3%), had poor feeding responsiveness (65.3%), and showed poor feeding practices during child’s illness/recovery (50.5%). Maternal attributes that were positively associated with healthy feeding practices were good knowledge and favourable attitude towards child nutrition and feeding practice, having exposure to nutrition/health information, and perceiving herself as healthy. Living as a nuclear family with only 1-2 children also contributed to favourable feeding practices. Conclusion: While most of the children achieved minimum dietary requirements, overall feeding practices could be improved with enhancing mothers’ knowledge on use of variety in cooking methods, feeding responsiveness during/after child’s illness, and exposure to nutrition/health information.

Keywords: 2-5-year-old children, feeding practices, Indonesia, maternal attributes

Download full article

March 1995, Vol1 No.1
September 1995, Vol1 No.2
March 1996, Vol2 No.1
September 1996, Vol2 No.2
March 1997, Vol3 No.1
September 1997, Vol3 No.2
December 1998, Vol4 No.1&2
December 1999, Vol5 No.1&2
March 2000, Vol6 No.1
September 2000, Vol6 No.2
Mar/Sept 2001, Vol7 No.1&2
March 2002, Vol8, No.1
September 2002, Vol8, No.2
March 2003, Vol9 No.1
September 2003, Vol9 No.2
March 2004, Vol10 No.1
September 2004, Vol10 No. 2
2005, Vol 11 No.1
2005, Vo l11 No.2
2006, Vol 12 No.1
2006, Vol 12 No.2
2007, Vol 13 No.1
2007, Vol 13 No.2
March 2008, Vol 14 No.1
2008, Vol 14 No.2
2009, Vol 15 No.1
2009, Vol 15 No.2
2010, Vol 16(1)

2010, Vol 16(2)

2010, Vol 16(3)

2011, Vol 17(1)

2011, Vol 17(2)

2011, Vol 17(3)

2012, Vol 18(1)

2012, Vol 18(2)

2012, Vol 18(3)

2013, Vol 19(1)

2013, Vol 19(2)

2013, Vol 19(3)

2014, Vol 20(1)

2014, Vol 20(2)

2014, Vol 20(3)

2015, Vol 21(1)

2015, Vol 21(2)

2015, Vol 21(3)

2016, Vol 22(1)

2016, Vol 22(2)

2016, Vol 22 Supplement

2016, Vol 22(3)

2017, Vol 23(1)

2017, Vol 23(2)