Mal J Nutr 22(2): 307 - 315, 2016


Use of an Audit Tool to Assess Obesogenicity: Lessons Learnt from Primary School Environments in Brunei Darussalam
Siti Rohaiza Ahmad 1,2, Lisa Schubert2 & Robert Bush2

1Universiti Brunei Darussalam, PAPRSB Institute of Health Science, Jalan Tungku Link, BE1410, Brunei Darussalam
2 The University of Queensland, School of Public Health, Herston, Qld 4006, Australia


Introduction:Audit tools have evolved as a useful means of assessing the obesogenicity of an environment. Previously adapted audit tools have relied mainly on individual observations and recordings, and whether the findings are conveyed to the individuals involved in the audit has not been reported. We conducted an audit of the obesogenicity of five primary school environments in Brunei Darussalam, and explored the effect of using a direct-questioning approach combined with reporting the audit outcome back to the schools involved. Methods: A multi-site case study research design was used, using qualitative methods. We used a modified version of the PSEA tool to conduct the audit. A single researcher completed the audit via observations and direct questioning of relevant school community stakeholders. The outcome of the audit was communicated back to the individuals at the schools in the form of a simple report using visual data and a short presentation. Results: The use of direct questioning as part of the audit tool improved participation or discussion between the researcher and stakeholders. The feedback session proved useful, as new information emerged that enhanced data collection. Furthermore, during the feedback session, the school administration had the opportunity to moderate the information collected, and to provide any feedback they may have had. Conclusions: The innovative components of the audit tool used in our study resulted in enhanced data trustworthiness and community engagement, which may be applicable to other communitybased research.

Keywords: Audit tool, nutrition, obesogenic environment, primary school, physical activity

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