Mal J Nutr 22(1): 29 - 39, 2016

Association between Isoflavones Consumption and Cognitive Function and Comorbidities among Older Adults Residing in the State of Johor, Malaysia
Bibi Nabihah AH1, Suzana 2 & Hasnah H2

1 Dietetics Programme, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
2 Nutrition Programme, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

ABSTRACT

Introduction: This two-phase longitudinal study sought to determine the association between isoflavones intake on cognitive function and comorbidities among older adults from the state of Johor, Malaysia. Methods: Phase I involved baseline data collection to examine the association between isoflavones intake and cognitive function among 400 respondents aged 60-years and above, recruited through multistage random sampling. Phase 2 determined the association between isoflavones intake at the baseline and comorbidities at an 18-month follow-up. The baseline data collected included information on socio-demographics, health status, andunpometric measurements, and dietary intake using a dietary history questionnaire (DHQ). Each participant's cognitive function was evaluated using a mini mental state examination (MMSE), digit span, digit symbol, and geriatric depression scale (GDS). Results: The daily intake of total isoflavones, daidzein, and genistein were 19.1±19.7,11.7±12.3 and 7.6+8.1 mg/day, respectively. There was no significant association between isoflavones intake, and specific cognitive function including global, memory, executive functions, and depression. However, there was a significant association (p<0.05) between isoflavones intake r=0.131 (95% CI: 0.064-0.199), daidzein intake r0.132 (95% CI: 0.064-0.199), and genistein intake ra0.129 (95% CI: 0.062-0.197) with memory (digit span) after adjustment for age, gender, educational level, and body mass index (11M1). No association was found between isoflavones intake and comorbidities (p> 0.05). Conclusion: This study found an association between isoflavones intake and memory function, but not with global cognitive, executive functions, depression, and comorbidities. There is a need to promote adequate isoflavones intake in view of its association with memory function.

Cognitive function, comorbidities, isoflavones, older adults, phytoestrogen

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